Macedonia is a European country, geographically situated in the central part of the Balkan Peninsula.
High percentage of the Republic of Macedonia is mountainous. It's a landlocked country that is geographically defined by a central valley formed by the Vardar River and rimmed along its borders by mountain ranges. The Republic's territory is mostly rugged, located between Shara and Osogovo mountains, which frame the valley of the Vardar River.
The Republic of Macedonia has scenic mountains. The scenery in Macedonia offers rocky mountains and green, rolling hills covered with conifer forests and lined with countless freshwater streams and rivers.
The total territory of Republic of Macedonia comes to 25,713 sq. km, of which 25,236 sq. km are land, while 477 sq. km are water surface. The lowest point is Vardar River (44 m) near Gevgelija, and the highest point is Golem Korab peak (2,764 m) in the north-western part of the country.
Macedonia borders with several countries. Namely, to the north is bordered with Serbia, northwest with Kosovo, to the east by Bulgaria, to the south by Greece, to the west by Albania.
Macedonia has a transitional climate from Mediterranean to continental. The summers are hot and dry and the winters are moderately cold. Average annual precipitation varies from 1,700 mm (66.9 in) in the western mountainous area to 500 mm (19.7 in) in the eastern area. There are three main climatic zones in the country: temperate Mediterranean, mountainous and mildly Continental.
Temperature: Average 11.5°C, at summer 22.2°C, Winter 0.3°C
||Pursuant to the Decision of the Government of the Republic of Macedonia (Official Gazette of the Republic of Macedonia No. 123, dated 2 October 2008) nationals of EU member-states and signatories to the Schengen Agreement may enter into the Republic of Macedonia presenting a valid ID issued by the relevant authorities of the member-state concerned;
||Any foreign national possessing a valid multi entry Schengen visa type C (valid for the entire territory of the Schengen area) may enter and stay in the Republic of Macedonia up to 15 days without having to possess a Macedonian visa. The Schengen visa needs to be valid at least 5 days longer than the stay in the Republic of Macedonia permitted on the grounds of holding a Schengen visa;
||Any foreign national, holder of a valid travel document of a third country, who is required to have visa for entry in the Republic of Macedonia, may enter the territory of the Republic of Macedonia without having to acquire Macedonian visa, provided that the foreigner has a permanent residence in EU or Schengen member state;
||A foreigner is obliged to leave the Republic of Macedonia: When his/her visa expires, if his/her visa is annulled, when his/her temporary residence permit expires, if s/he is deprived of his/her right to residence, if s/he is expelled from the Republic of Macedonia, or when the time limit of maximum 3 (three) months in any half-year period expires as from the date of first entry, provided there is no visa requirement for entry into the Republic of Macedonia;
||Holders of UN travel documents are not required to posses visas;
||Macedonian visas are issued only at diplomatic consular missions of the Republic of Macedonia abroad.
Citizens of the EU member states and citizens of the signatories to the Schengen Agreement may enter the territory of the Republic of Macedonia with valid ID card issued by the competent authorities of the concerning countries.
Read more: Entry in the Republic of Macedonia for Schengen Visa Holders >>
Citizens of some countries may enter Republic of Macedonia as tourists without visa. Please check the list bellow to find out more.
Entry Visa for the Republic of Macedonia >>
Information about how to obtain a short term stay visa (up to 90 days) can be found here:
Types of Macedonian Entry Visas >>
Additional information about the visa issuance requirements and procedure, as well as all information about the course of the instituted visa issuance procedure are to be provided by the relevant diplomatic-consular mission (Embassy/consulate)
The List of diplomatic-consular missions of the Republic of Macedonia abroad can be found at the MFA’s website www.mfa.gov.mk>>
Macedonia has a long tradition of producing wines that literally dates back millennia. However, it has only been in recent years that Macedonia’s potential to produce high quality wines has begun to be realized.
Macedonia’s mountainous geography, unique climate and rich fertile soil make for ideal conditions for viniculture. Just about everything grows in Macedonia, and the grapes which have thrived here for centuries represent the meeting of nature and man which perfectly reflects Macedonian culture.
Throughout history, wine has been an important part of Macedonian daily life and culture. Local grape varieties such as Vranec, Stanushina, and Temjanika have had an undeniable influence on the local culture and are a treat that any visitor to the country must try. These vibrant, fruit forward vines mirror the Macedonian people in their complexity, and inviting aromas and flavors.
Macedonia also produces some superb and award winning wines from international varieties such as Pinot Noir, Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon. Macedonian wineries have developed international reputations for producing some of the best wines in South Eastern Europe. aAs wine quality has improved, so have the opportunities for guests to visit the country to experience these wines. Many wineries now have excellent facilities to accommodate guests and satisfy the most demanding wine lovers.
Wine Regions >>
Churches and monasteries in Macedonia are among the country’s most precious treasures, where the spiritual and artistic heritage of the Byzantine Orthodox tradition is magnificently preserved. Macedonian churches share the essential characteristics of all Byzantine churches across the Balkans in terms of construction, design and artwork. Also, they have very unique elements; among these are the incredibly detailed and precisely made wood carvings found in many churches, especially in western Macedonia, created by well-trained masters of the centuries-old Macedonian School of ecclesiastical art.
Acknowledged as being among the most important in the world some Macedonian icons were recently displayed at a comprehensive exhibit by the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.
Visit some of our religious objects >>
LAKE & RIVER TOURISM
Macedonia possesses hydrographic objects for touristic purpose, such as sources, springs, rivers, lakes and spas.
There are natural (tectonic and glacial) and artificial lakes in Macedonia.
The tectonic lakes are: Ohrid, Prespa and Dojran. They cover an area of 655km2 of the territory of Macedonia. The length of beaches exceeds 40km. They are characterized with clean water suitable for bathing. Several tourist settlements have developed adequate facilities for summer tourism, for sports-recreational, congress and other type of tourism.
Click for more interesting information about tectonic Lakes:
There are artificial lakes in almost all parts of Macedonia. The bigger among them are: Mavrovo Lake on the river Mavrovska Reka, Globotchica and the Debar Lake in the flow of the river Crn Drim, Matka on the Treska river, the Tikvesh Lake on the river Crna, Kalimanci on the flow of Bregalnica, Strezhevo on the river Shemnica, Glazhnje and Lipkovo Lake on the river Lipkovska Reka, Mantovo on the river Kriva Lakavica, etc. The oldest is Lake Matka, constructed in 1938 whereas , the biggest one is Tikvesh Lake. The most famous tourist resort is Mavrovo Lake.
Using these natural potentials you can enjoy some of these water activities >>
Republic of Macedonia is a predominantly mountainous country. Approximately 50% of the territory of Macedonia represents a typical mountainous area, consisted of hills and mountains. Mountains are divided into two basic groups: The mountain range Shar continues to West Vardar/Pelagonia mountain range (also known as Dinaric range) and Osogovo-Belasica mountain chain (also known as Rhodope range). Shar Mountains and West Vardar/Pelagonia mountain range is a continuation between the Dinaric Alps and Pindus mountain ranges, whereas Osogovo-Belasica mountain chain is a continuation of the Rila-Rhodopes mountain massif.
This geographical setting allows tourists to enjoy some sports such as skiing, snowboarding, hiking, cave-climbing, horse ridding and much more >>